Discover: The History of Calligraphy

calligraphy

The word Calligraphy is derived from the Greek words kalos, which means beautiful and graphein meaning to write.

Throughout history, man has been in a constant pursuit to express himself and the art, ever evolving: cave paintings, hieroglyphics carved or drawn on papyrus, pictograms, animal drawings, through to the first alphabet believed to be developed by the Phoenicians, we’ve always been expressing ourselves by hand. By 850 BC the Romans used the Phoenicians style of writing, adapted it to suit Latin, heralding the spread of this language via the churches of Europe.

The Arts, the Renaissance & Calligraphy

During this period, the art of calligraphy flourished and the Italians invented italic script, very popular throughout Europe but with the advent of the copperplate, this art form was endangered until the 19th century; the steel pen, and fountain pen replaced the flat-edged pen, made calligraphy harder to achieve.

William Morris Saved Calligraphy

If it weren’t for artist and British poet William Morris, who revived the art, its extinction would have been certain. Morris was one of the founders of the British Arts and Crafts movement, who spearheaded the revival.

The Art Form Lives On

There is no replacement for the art of handwriting. This special artistic form of expression has a special way of capturing the spirit of beautiful text expressed as art.

DISCOVER  The Contemporary Museum of Calligraphy, in Moscow
BOOKS  The Missing Ink: The Lost Art of Handwriting
TECH  Calligraphy Art for iPad
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